Cognitive Task Analysis for Expert-Based Instruction in Healthcare

  • Richard ClarkEmail author


This chapter presents an overview of the rationale and evidence for the use of cognitive task analysis (CTA) in healthcare including the following: It presents a brief history and definition of CTA, the reason it is being adopted for healthcare education, evidence for its learning benefits when used in evidence-based instructional design and medical simulators, an example of how one of the evidence-based CTA methods was implemented in healthcare, and suggestions for future research. The point is made that when evidence-based CTA methods are used, learning from CTA-based healthcare instruction increases an average of 45 % when compared with current task analysis methods.


Cognitive task analysis Instructional design Training Expertise Decision making Front-end analysis Simulation 



The author wishes to acknowledge the many ­colleagues who have contributed to the CTA research reported in this chapter including Drs Fredric Maupin, Kenneth Yates, Maura Sullivan, and David Feldon. The project or the effort described here has been partially sponsored by the US Army Research, Development, and Engineering Command (RDECOM). Statements and opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect the position or the policy of the United States Government, and no official endorsement should be inferred.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryKeck School of Medicine, USC Center for Cognitive Technology, Rossier School of Education, University of Southern CaliforniaRancho Palos VerdesUSA

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