Architecture, Connectivity, and Transmitter Receptors of Human Auditory Cortex

Chapter
Part of the Springer Handbook of Auditory Research book series (SHAR, volume 43)

Abstract

Human auditory cortex, located on the supratemporal plane, comprises in the vicinity of primary auditory cortex (PAC) several nonprimary auditory areas. Architectonic studies that benefited from methodological advances, such as observer-independent analysis and functionally related stains, have identified specific areas whose involvement in speech analysis, sound recognition, and auditory spatial processing has been established in activation studies. Postmortem and in vivo tracing studies have revealed a complex pattern of intra- and interareal connections that partially resemble those described in nonhuman primates but that also display specifically human attributes. Current evidence reveals a model of parallel and hierarchical organization of the early-stage auditory areas with an early separation of specific processing streams.

Keywords

Schizophrenia Paraffin NMDA Acetylcholine Pyramid 

Abbreviations

A1

primary auditory area

AChE

acetylcholine esterase

CB

calbindin

CO

cytochrome oxidase

CR

calretinin

HG

Heschl’s gyrus

PAC

primary auditory cortex

PP

planum polare

PT

planum temporale

PV

parvalbumin

STG

superior temporal gyrus

STS

superior temporal sulcus

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work has been supported by the Swiss National Science (Grantt 3200030-124897 to S. Clarke) and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF Grant 01GW0623 to P. Morosan).

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Service de Neurospychologie et de Neuroréhabilitation, CHUVLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institute of Neurosciences and Medicine (INM-1)Research Centre JülichJülichGermany

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