The Future of Breastfeeding in the Face of HIV-1 Infection: Science and Policy
This book presents a comprehensive and detailed overview of transmission of HIV-1 to the infant via the infected mother’s breast milk. There is no question that breast milk is the ideal food for the infant—with numerous nutritional, immunologic, cognitive, and psychological benefits for the mother/infant dyad, it is a food evolutionarily designed and uniquely tailored to the needs of the developing infant. Promotion of breastfeeding is now recognized throughout the world—and especially in resource-limited settings—as one of the most critical interventions to prevent infant and young child mortality [1–4]. Derrick Jelliffe, one of the founding fathers of developing world pediatrics and child health/nutrition, aptly described the result of promotional practices of the formula industry in the 1960s and 1970s as “commerciogenic malnutrition” [5–7].
KeywordsBreast Milk Exclusive Breastfeed Poor Health Infrastructure Rapid Weaning Formula Industry
The opinions expressed in this chapter are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- 1.WHO Collaborative Study Team on the Role of Breastfeeding on the Prevention of Infant Mortality (2000) Effect of breastfeeding on infant and child mortality due to infectious diseases in less developed countries: a pooled analysis. Lancet 355:451–455Google Scholar
- 4.Jelliffe DB, Jelliffe EF (1978) Human milk in the modern world. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 5.Jelliffe DB, Stanfield JP (1978) Diseases of children in the subtropics and tropics, 3rd edn. Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd., LondonGoogle Scholar
- 6.Editorial (1992) In memoriam – Derrick Jelliffe. J Trop Pediatr 38:145Google Scholar
- 11.UNAIDS (2010) Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. UNAIDS, GenevaGoogle Scholar
- 12.World Health Organization (2010) Guidelines on HIV and infant feeding 2010. http://wholibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241599535_eng.pdf. Accessed 20 Jun 2011
- 13.Goosby E (2011) Remarks by Ambassador Eric Goosby at launch of global plan to work toward elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015. New York, 9 June 2011Google Scholar
- 20.Schwartländer B, Stover J, Hallett T et al (2011) Towards an improved investment approach for an effective response to HIV/AIDS. Lancet 377:2031–2041Google Scholar