Classification of Mechanical Ventilation Devices

  • Waldemar A. CarloEmail author
  • Namasivayam Ambalavanan
  • Robert L. Chatburn
  1. I.

    Ventilators can be classified by the variables that are controlled (e.g., pressure or volume), as well as those that start (or trigger), sustain (or limit), and end (cycle) inspiration and those that maintain the expiratory support (or baseline pressure).

  2. II.
    Control variables. A ventilator can be classified as a pressure, volume, or flow controller (Fig. 9.1). Ventilators control more than one variable at different times.

Suggested Reading

  1. Carlo WA, Greenough A, Chatburn RL. Advances in conventional mechanical ventilation. In: Boynton BR, Carlo WA, Jobe AH, editors. New therapies for neonatal respiratory failure: a physiologic approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1994. p. 131–51.Google Scholar
  2. Chatburn RL. Classification of mechanical ventilators. In: Branson RD, Hess DR, Chatburn RL, editors. Respiratory care equipment. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company; 1995. p. 264–93.Google Scholar
  3. Chatburn RL. Understanding mechanical ventilators. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2010;4:809–19.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chatburn RL, Mireles-Cabodevila E. Closed-loop control of mechanical ventilation: description and classification of targeting schemes. Respir Care. 2011;56:85–102.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Waldemar A. Carlo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Namasivayam Ambalavanan
    • 1
  • Robert L. Chatburn
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Neonatology, Department of PediatricsUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.Cleveland Clinic, Respiratory InstituteClevelandUSA

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