High-Frequency Jet Ventilation
Late rescue treatment: High-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) has been used extensively for the treatment of refractory respiratory failure unresponsive to conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV). Air leak syndrome has been the most commonly treated underlying disorder, but infants with pulmonary hypoplasia secondary to diaphragmatic hernia, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), meconium aspiration syndrome, and pneumonia are also treated routinely using HFJV with considerable success in the rescue mode.
Early rescue treatment: HFJV has documented efficacy and is used extensively in the treatment of moderate to severe RDS, pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE), large leaks through a bronchopleural fistula (intractable pneumothorax) or tracheoesophageal fistula, abdominal distention with poor chest wall compliance, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, and in patients with meconium aspiration syndrome with or without pulmonary hypertension.
KeywordsLung Volume Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Conventional Mechanical Ventilation Conventional Ventilation High Peep
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