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Non-invasive Ventilation

  • Brigitte Lemyre
  • Haresh KirpalaniEmail author
Chapter
  1. I.
    Definition
    1. A.

      This chapter covers methods of assisted ventilation without an endotracheal tube in the trachea, and using interfaces either just at the nares alone or sealing the entire nose with a mask. These can deliver positive pressure throughout the respiratory cycle with additional intermittent increases in the airway pressure. This additional intermittent airway pressure can be either synchronized to the patient’s own breaths or non-synchronized, depending on the delivery system used.

       
    2. B.

      The terminology used for non-invasive ventilation can be confusing. When non-invasive ventilation is provided via a conventional ventilator, it usually delivers short (0.3–0.5 s) but high (20–25 cm H2O) peak pressure, similar to a ventilator breath.

       
    3. C.
      The following abbreviations denote commonly used synonyms:
      1. 1.

        Nasal ventilation (NV)

         
      2. 2.

        Nasal intermittent mandatory ventilation (NIMV)

         
      3. 3.

        Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV)

         
       
    4. D.

      The term NIPPV is used here.

       
    5. E.

      T...

Keywords

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Gastric Perforation Extubation Failure High Tidal Volume Nasal Mask 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Neonatology, Department of PediatricsUniversity of Ottawa, Children’s Hospital of Eastern OntarioOttawaCanada
  2. 2.The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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