Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation
Indications for intubation
Need for prolonged positive pressure ventilation for respiratory failure.
Inability to provide effective bag and mask ventilation.
Need for administration of surfactant.
Apnea, either central, or obstructive.
Anatomic anomalies of the airway, such as choanal atresia, micrognathia, laryngomalacia, laryngeal web, or vocal cord paralysis
Compressive lesions on the airway, such as cystic hygroma or hemangioma
Airway protection in cases of congenital neuromuscular disorders or other neurologic injury
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Avoidance of mask ventilation and delivery of air into the gastrointestinal tract is critical, and immediate intubation should be performed.
Endotracheal tube diameter
Size of tube (internal diameter, mm):
Up to 1,000 g
KeywordsVocal Cord Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Mask Ventilation Nondominant Hand Choanal Atresia
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