Why National e-Transformation Strategies?

  • Nagy K. Hanna
Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM)


We are at a turning point in history, shaped by globalization, and the information and communication technology (ICT) revolution. This technological revolution has sparked and enabled a late twentieth and early twenty-first century wave of globalization—a deeper global integration that goes beyond the trade liberalization that enabled the first wave of globalization. ICT is enabling the creation and management of global networks, as ICT is used to coordinate production and services, expedite and monitor delivery, share ideas and information, and collaborate on design and research. As a general purpose technology (GPT), ICT has been transforming logistics, enabling global demand-driven supply chain management, transforming services and manufacturing, enabling the offshoring of production and outsourcing to suppliers in emerging markets, and diffusing innovations across all kinds of economic and social activities (Hanna 2009a, b). In turn, globalization is enabling the diffusion of ICT and associated innovations, at a faster pace than any GPT in history.


Industrial Policy Country Case Study General Purpose Technology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BethesdaUSA

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