Preservation of Academic Knowledge Resources as Public Goods
This chapter will explain, why electronic knowledge resources in academia cannot exclusively be treated as private commodities, but can also be seen as public goods. After sketching a concept of public goods for a post-national, global society, three types of electronic knowledge resources are distinguished: scholarly publications, course materials, and academic software. With the help of practical examples, similarities between these resources are developed. Finally, it will be explained what advantages the status of public good for knowledge resources would have and how it could be achieved by the academic community.
KeywordsPublic Good Business Model High Education Institution Learning Management System Knowledge Resource
- DiBona, C., Ockman, S., & Stone, M. (1999). Introduction. In C. DiBona, M. Stone, & S. Ockman (Eds.), Open Sources: Voices from the Open Source Revolution. Sebastopol, Cambridge: O’Reilly. Retrieved from http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/opensources/book/intro.html.
- Drösser, C. (2005). Die verschenkten Kronjuwelen. Die Zeit, 03.07.2003 Nr.28. Retrieved from http://zeus.zeit.de/text/2003/28/C-Open_Courseware.
- Edwards, R., & Shulenburger, D. (2003). The High Cost of Scholarly Journals (and What to Do About It). Change, 35(6 (November/December 2003)).Google Scholar
- Ewalt, D. (2004). The 25 Most Connected Campuses. Forbes.com, Homepage for the world’s business leaders (22. October 2004). Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/lists/2004/10/21/cx_de_102104conncampfeat.html.
- Franck, G. (1999). Scientific Communication--A Vanity Fair? Science magazine, 286(5437), 53–55.Google Scholar
- GAO. (2005). College Textbooks. Enhanced offerings appear to drive recent price increases. Washington DC: GAO - United States Government and Accountability Office. Retrieved from http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05806.pdf.
- Hanley, G. (2000). Letter of Invitation, in MERLOT. Retrieved from http://taste.merlot.org/participating/partner/invite_letter.htm.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Harnad, S. (1999). Free at last: The Future of Peer-Reviewed Journals. D-Lib Magazine, 5(12). Retrieved from http://www.dlib.org/dlib/december99/12harnad.html.
- Kyrillidou, M., & Young, M. (2004). Research Library Trends: An Introduction. In M. Kyrillidou & M. Young (Eds.), ARL Statistics 2002–03. A Compilation of Statistics from the One Hundred and Twenty-Three members of the Association of Research Libraries. Washington, D.C.: Association of Research Libraries. Retrieved from http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/arlstat03.pdf.
- Marginson, S. (2004a). Global Public Space and Global Marketplace. Rethinking the public/private divide in higher education. Presented at the Keynote paper for the SRHE (Society for Research into Higher Education) conference, Bristol 14–16 December 2004. Retrieved from http://www.education.monash.edu.au/centres/mcrie/docs/conferencekeynotes/srhe-keynote-161204.doc.
- Marginson, S. (2004b). Doing Somersaults in Enschede: Rethinking and inverting public/private in higher education amid the winds of globalisation. Presented at the 17th international CHER (Consortium of Higher Education Researchers) conference, 17–19 September 2004, Enschede. Retrieved from http://www.education.monash.edu.au/centres/mcrie/docs/conferencekeynotes/cher-keynote050904.pdf.
- Moodle. (2011). Moodle sites. Moodle.org. Retrieved July 15, 2011, from moodle.org/sitesGoogle Scholar
- Nentwich, M. (2001). (Re-)De-Commodification in Academic Knowledge Distribution? Science Studies, 14(2), 21–42. Retrieved from http://eiop.or.at/mn/ScSt2001.pdf.
- Noam, E. (1995). Electronics and the Dim Future of the University. Science, 270, 247–249. Retrieved from http://www.asis.org/annual-96/noam.html.
- Noam, E. (1999). Are Cyber Universities the Future of Higher Education? (Presentation at the Bruno Kreisky Forum for International Dialogue, 10 June, 1999). Vienna.Google Scholar
- OECD/CERI. (2005). E-learning in Tertiary Education. Where do we stand? Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
- Stichweh, R. (1984). Zur Entstehung des modernen Systems wissenschaftlicher Disziplinen. Physik in Deutschland 1740–1890. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
- Wikipedia. (2005). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Service_%28economics%29.