A History of the Diagnoses of Psychotic Patients Before 1950

  • C. Raymond Lake


Specht (1905) argued that all psychoses derive from an abnormal affect. Specht associated mania with both chronicity and paranoia. He wrote that chronic mania was not at all a rare occurrence. He believed that once chronic mania took hold, there was no return to normal, and that with advancing age the condition worsened (Specht 1905).


Bipolar Disorder Mood Disorder Schizoaffective Disorder Psychotic Patient Paranoid Schizophrenia 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Kansas, School of MedicineKansas CityUSA

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