A Short History of Planetary Nebulae

  • Martin Griffiths
Part of the Astronomers' Observing Guides book series (OBSERVING)


The beautiful objects we now recognize as planetary nebulae led invisible lives until the middle of the eighteenth century. On the evening of July 12, 1764, the French comet hunter Charles Messier observed a barely resolved blob of light in the constellation of Vulpecula. His note of the discovery shows that he dismissed it immediately after recording its position. After all, it was not the kind of object he was interested in:


Neon Photography Peru 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Griffiths
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GlamorganGlyntafUK

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