Improved Mussel Control Through Microencapsulated BioBullets

  • Raquel Costa
  • Geoff D. Moggridge
  • David C. Aldridge


Biofouling control is a major challenge in the operation and management of industrial cooling water systems. Several aquatic organisms are of concern in this context. Amongst them is the freshwater zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha), which has been recognised as one of the world’s most important pests (Ecol Econ 52:273–288, 2005).


Avoidance Response Zebra Mussel Ballast Water Dreissena Polymorpha Chlorine Dioxide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



BioBullets are protected under international patents (EP 1251741B, CA 2396938, US-2003-0140862-A1). Financial support from the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (PhD scholarship SFRH/BD/18731/2004 and research project POCI/EQU/59305/2004) is acknowledged. The assistance of Thames Water Utilities Ltd is acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raquel Costa
    • 1
  • Geoff D. Moggridge
    • 1
  • David C. Aldridge
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering and BiotechnologyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, Aquatic Ecology GroupUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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