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Basic MRI Physics and Artifacts

Chapter

Abstract

In magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), strong magnetic fields are utilized to generate in vivo images reflecting specific chemical and physical properties of the tissue. Due to its diagnostic value, in combination with its non-invasive nature and the absence of ionizing radiation, MRI has become an important tool in modern health care. In this chapter, a brief introduction is given to the physics behind MRI, together with a description of common imaging and quantification techniques, as well as a summary of the most commonly occurring image artifacts.

Keywords

Flip Angle Excitation Pulse Magnetic Field Gradient Larmor Frequency Gradient Coil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computational Radiology LaboratoryBoston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medical Radiation PhysicsLund UniversityMalmöSweden

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