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The Stockholm Gang Intervention and Prevention Project (SGIP): Introducing a Holistic Approach to Gang Enforcement

  • Amir Rostami
  • Fredrik Leinfelt
Chapter

Abstract

The notion or idea of “gangs” is frequently encountered in American research on the causes of juvenile delinquency and is even incorporated into early theoretical work (e.g., Cohen AK (1955) Delinquent boys. The Free Press, Glencoe; Cloward RA, Ohlin LE (1960) Delinquency and opportunity: a theory of delinquent gangs. Free Press, Glencoe; Thrasher FM (1927) The gang: a study of 1.313 gangs in Chicago. University of Chicago Press, Chicago; Merton RK (1968) Social theory and social structure. The Free Press, New York; Sutherland Edwin H (1924) Criminology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago; Miller WB (1970) Youth gangs in the urban crisis era. In: Short JF (ed) Delinquency, crime and society. University of Chicago Press, Chigago; Shaw CR, Mackay HD (1942) Juvenile delinquency and urban areas. A study of rates of delinquents in relation to differential characteristics of local communities in American cities. University of Chicago Press, Chicago). Previous research and scholarly interest have primarily been focused on American gangs, although more and more attention has recently been paid to European gang research (e.g., Bradshaw P (2005) Terrors and young teams: youth gangs and delinquency in Edinburg. In: Decker SH, Weerman FM (eds) European street gangs and troublesome youth groups. AltaMira, Lanham [Scotland]; Esbensen FA, Weerman FM (2005) Youth gangs and troublesome youth groups in the United States and the Netherlands: a cross-national comparison. Eur J Criminol 2:5–37 [the Netherlands]; Huizinga D, Schumann K (2001) Gang membership in Bremen and Denver: comparative longitudinal data. In: Klein MW, Kerner HJ, Maxson CL, Wietekamp E (eds) The Eurogang paradox. Kluwer, London [Germany]). This chapter will examine the early criminal network and gang development research in Sweden and delineate some of the police responses to the phenomenon. Furthermore, this chapter will address recent gang developments in Sweden and highlight the essential components and working mechanisms of the Stockholm Gang Intervention and Prevention Project (SGIP)—a holistic enforcement response to the growing gang problem in Sweden.

Keywords

Organize Crime Social Network Analysis Gang Member Criminal Network Street Gang 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stockholm Gang Intervention and Prevention ProjectStockholm County Police Department & Linnaeus UniversityStockholmSweden

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