New Directions in Information Matrix Testing: Eigenspectrum Tests

  • Richard M. GoldenEmail author
  • Steven S. Henley
  • Halbert White
  • T. Michael Kashner


Model specification tests are essential tools for evaluating the appropriateness of probability models for estimation and inference. White (Econometrica, 50: 1–25, 1982) proposed that model misspecification could be detected by testing the null hypothesis that the Fisher information matrix (IM) Equality holds by comparing linear functions of the Hessian to outer product gradient (OPG) inverse covariance matrix estimators. Unfortunately, a number of researchers have reported difficulties in obtaining reliable inferences using White’s (Econometrica, 50: 1–25, 1982) original information matrix test (IMT). In this chapter, we extend White (Econometrica, 50: 1–25, 1982) to present a new generalized information matrix test (GIMT) theory and develop a new Adjusted Classical GIMT and five new Eigenspectrum GIMTs that compare nonlinear functions of the Hessian and OPG covariance matrix estimators. We then evaluate the level and power of these new GIMTs using simulation studies on realistic epidemiological data and find that they exhibit appealing performance on sample sizes typically encountered in practice. Our results suggest that these new GIMTs are important tools for detecting and assessing model misspecification, and thus will have broad applications for model-based decision making in the social, behavioral, engineering, financial, medical, and public health sciences.


Eigenspectrum Goodness-of-fit Information matrix test  Logistic regression Specification analysis 



This research was made possible by grants from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) (R44CA139607, PI: S.S. Henley) and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) (R43AA014302, PI: S.S. Henley; R43/44AA013351, PI: S.S. Henley; R44AA011607, PI: S.S. Henley) under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. The authors wish to gratefully acknowledge this support. This chapter reflects the authors’ views and not necessarily the opinions or views of the NCI or the NIAAA. The authors would also like to thank the anonymous referee for helpful comments and suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard M. Golden
    • 1
    Email author
  • Steven S. Henley
    • 2
    • 3
  • Halbert White
    • 4
  • T. Michael Kashner
    • 3
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Cognitive Science and Engineering School of Behavioral and Brain SciencesUniversity of Texas at DallasRichardsonUSA
  2. 2.Martingale Research CorporationPlanoUSA
  3. 3.Department of MedicineLoma Linda University School of MedicineLoma LindaUSA
  4. 4.Department of EconomicsUniversity of California San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  5. 5.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA
  6. 6.Office of Academic Affiliations Department of Veterans AffairsWashingtonUSA

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