Definitions of War, Torture, and Terrorism in the Gulf States

  • Heyam Mohammed
  • Raja Tayeh
  • Elizabeth Planje
  • Gregory Malley
Part of the Peace Psychology Book Series book series (PPBS)


The countries of the Gulf States, sometimes called the Arab Gulf or Persian Gulf, share many characteristics. From their tribal cultures and traditions, to religion and political policy, a strong cultural assimilation has transpired as a result of the close proximity of these nations and the nomadic nature of the people who once roamed the area hundreds of years ago. Currently, the majority of these Gulf nations are run by a royal family, and these families have shown strong opposition to dissent. Kuwait, for example, has recently been under fire after a March 10th, 2011, report claiming Kuwaiti police tortured two foreign migrant workers to death after they were accused of stealing from farm owners and setting fire to their crops (Kuwaiti Authorities Torture Migrant Workers to Death 2011).


Moral Judgment Major Category Codeable Unit Outcome Response Farm Owner 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Al-Khattar AM (2003) Religion and Terrorism, An Interfaith Perspective, Praeger Publishers: Westport, CoGoogle Scholar
  2. Amnesty International (2011a) Further information on UA 187/05(MDE 20/004/2005, 15 July 2005): fear of torture or ill-treatment/possible prisoners of conscience [Press release]. Retrieved from 20 July 2005
  3. Amnesty International (2011b) Qatar human rights. Retrieved 18 March 2011 from
  4. Human Rights Watch (2010) Torture redux: the revival of physical coercion during interrogations in Bahrain
  5. Karim KH (2003) Islamic Peril: Media and Global Violence. Montreal: Black Rose BooksGoogle Scholar
  6. Kuwaiti Authorities Torture Migrant Workers to Death (2011) Migrant rights. Retrieved 18 March 2011 from
  7. Malley-Morrison K, Daskalopoulos M, You HS (2006) International perspectives on governmental aggression. Int Psychol Rep 10(1):19–20Google Scholar
  8. Wahhabi (2011) Global security. Retrieved 18 March 2011, from

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heyam Mohammed
    • 1
  • Raja Tayeh
    • 2
  • Elizabeth Planje
    • 3
  • Gregory Malley
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Curriculum and Instruction, College of EducationKuwait UniversityKuwait cityKuwait
  2. 2.Institutional Research, Doane CollegeCreteUSA
  3. 3.Counseling ProgramLesley UniversityCambridgeUSA
  4. 4.The Carroll SchoolLincolnUSA

Personalised recommendations