Definitions of War, Torture, and Terrorism in Western Europe

  • Mathilde Salmberg
  • Carla Machado
  • Silja Bara Ómarsdottir
  • Milena Doerfer
  • Ashley Brown
  • Laura Marcucci
  • Michael Corgan
  • Mariana Barbosa
  • Julia Koenig
  • Elizabeth Leembruggen-Kallberg
  • Christine Roland-Levy
Part of the Peace Psychology Book Series book series (PPBS)


This chapter considers Western European definitions of war, torture, and terrorism. The introduction includes a brief overview of major historical events followed by recent conflicts and developments related to torture and terrorism in Western Europe. The focus then shifts to a descriptive report of our study examining personal definitions of the terms war, torture, and terrorism by participants from France, Germany, Iceland, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden.


European Union Moral Judgment Terrorist Attack Asylum Seeker Western European Country 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mathilde Salmberg
    • 1
  • Carla Machado
    • 2
  • Silja Bara Ómarsdottir
    • 3
  • Milena Doerfer
    • 4
  • Ashley Brown
    • 5
  • Laura Marcucci
    • 6
  • Michael Corgan
    • 7
  • Mariana Barbosa
    • 8
  • Julia Koenig
    • 9
  • Elizabeth Leembruggen-Kallberg
    • 10
  • Christine Roland-Levy
    • 11
  1. 1.Licensed Clinical PsychologistWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MinhoBragaPortuga
  3. 3.Institute of International Affairs and Center for Small State StudiesUniversity of IcelandVesturbærIceland
  4. 4.Counseling PsychologyBoston CollegeChestnut HillUSA
  5. 5.Department of PsychologyBoston UniversityBostonUSA
  6. 6.National Alliance on Mental IllnessWashingtonUSA
  7. 7.Department of International RelationsBoston UniversityBostonUSA
  8. 8.Universidade Catolica PortugesaLisbonPortugal
  9. 9.Lehrstuhl für Klinische Psychologie und PsychotherapieMunchenGermany
  10. 10.Webster University-LeidenEA LeidenThe Netherlands
  11. 11.Université de Reims Champagne-ArdenneParisFrance

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