Trauma of the Shoulder and Humeral Shaft

Chapter

Abstract

A stable proximal arm and shoulder are necessary for upper extremity function

Keywords

Osteoporosis Benz 

References

  1. 1.
    Green A. Traumatic conditions of the shoulder. In: Lieberman JR, editor. AAOS comprehensive orthopaedic review. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; 2009. p. 843–58.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Edwards SG, Whittle AP, Wood II GW. Nonoperative treatment of ipsilateral fractures of the scapula and clavicle. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2000;82:774–80.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Goss TP. Scapula fractures and dislocations: diagnosis and treatment. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 1995;3:22–33.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Spang JT, Mazzocca AD, Arciero RA. The unstable shoulder. In: Lieberman JR, editor. AAOS comprehensive orthopaedic review. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; 2009. p. 805–15.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Neviaser JS. An operation for old dislocations of the shoulder. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1948;30:997–1000.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rowe CR, Zarins B. Chronic dislocations of the shoulder. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1982;64:494–505.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Koval KJ, Gallagher MA, Marsicano JG, Cuomo F, McShinawy RS, Zuckerman JD. Functional outcome after minimally displaced fractures of the proximal part of the humerus. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1997;79:203–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Neer II CS. Displaced proximal humeral factures. Part I. Classification and evaluation. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1970;52:1077–89.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zlotolow DA, Catalano LW, Barron OA, et al. Surgical exposures of the humerus. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2006;14:754–66.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Liporce FA. Fractures of the humeral shaft and distal humerus. In: Lieberman JR, editor. AAOS comprehensive orthopaedic review. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; 2009. p. 563–75.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sarmiento A, Zagorski JB, Zych GA, et al. Functional bracing for the treatment of fractures of the humeral diaphysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2000;82:478–86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of Colorado Health Science CenterAuroraUSA
  2. 2.Department of OrthopaedicsJDW National Referral HospitalThimphuBhutan

Personalised recommendations