Coexisting Medical Conditions

  • Michelle Foltz
  • Richard A. Gosselin


Treatment of orthopedic conditions in LMIC can be complicated by coexisting chronic diseases, anemia, malnutrition, and infectious and parasitic diseases.


Sickle Cell Disease Rheumatic Heart Disease Chronic Osteomyelitis Orthopedic Treatment Acute Osteomyelitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    The maladies of affluence—globalization and health. The Economist. 11 Aug 2007. p. 49–50.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Growing pains – chronic diseases in developing countries. The Economist. 24 Sept 2011. p. 72–3.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hossain P, Kawar B, El Nahas M. Obesity and diabetes in the developing world—a growing challenge. N Engl J Med. 2007;356:213–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ait-Khaled N, Enarson D, Bousquet J. Chronic respiratory diseases in developing countries: the burden and strategies for prevention and management. Bull World Health Organ. 2001;79(10):971–9.PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    How to save a billion lives—smoking. The Economist. 9 Feb 2008. p. 65–6.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Agarwal P, Prajapati B, Sharma D. Evaluation of skin graft take following post-burn raw area in normovolaemic anaemia. Indian J Plast Surg. 2009;42(2):195–8.PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rodriguez-Merchan EC, Herim M. Hemophilia orthopedic management with emphasis on developing countries. Semin Thromb Hemost. 2005;31(5):518–26.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fisher B, Roberts CS. Tourniquet use and sickle cell hemoglobinopathy: how should we proceed? South Med J. 2010;103(11):1156–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pearson RD. The Merck manual. 19th ed. Whitehouse Station: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.; 2011. Nematodes and Trematodes; p. 1343, 1348, 1358.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shield KD, Gmel G, Patra J, Rehm J. Global burden of injuries attributable to alcohol consumption in 2004: a novel way of calculating the burden of injuries attributable to alcohol consumption. Popul Health Metr. 2012;10(1):9.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryInstitute for Global Orthopedics and Traumatology, UCSFSan FranciscoUSA

Personalised recommendations