Advertisement

Delors’ Myth: The Scope and Impact of the Europeanization of Law Production

Chapter
Part of the Studies in Public Choice book series (SIPC)

Abstract

Since the beginning of the 1990s numerous theoretical and normative debates on European integration and the “democratic” distribution of power among the European Commission, the Council of Ministers, and the European Parliament have entertained scholars, politicians, and opinion leaders alike. The “democracy deficit” concept stems from the hypothesis that EU legislative activities have strengthened the power of governmental actors from the Council of Ministers at the expense of parliaments. While Moravcsik (2004, 2008) argues that these governmental agents are democratically elected agents of their national constituencies, the concerns about a democratic deficit have been reinforced by the progressive extension of qualified majority voting in the Council of Ministers since the end of the 1980s: theoretically, the possible exclusion of some governmental agents and the lack of transparency of Council deliberations made their effective control by their domestic parliamentary principals extremely difficult, as members of parliament even lack reliable information on the voting behavior of their governmental agents in the Council (Scharpf 1993; Hix 1999, 2005, Majone 1998; Moravcsik 1994, 2002; Lord 2004; Bartoloni 2005; Follesdal and Hix 2006; Siedentop 2001; Jachtenfuchs 2001; Rittberger and Schimmelfennig 2005; Follesdal and Hix 2006; Olsen 2007; Magnette and Papadopoulos 2008; König 2008).

Keywords

Member State Political Party European Integration European Norm Domestic Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Attiná F (1990) The voting behavior of the European parliament members and the problem of Europarties. Eur J Polit Res 18(5):557–579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Auel K, Benz A (2005) The politics of adaptation: the Europeanisation of National Parliamentary Systems. J Legis Stud 11(3/4, Autumn/Winter):372–393Google Scholar
  3. Bartoloni S (2005) Restructuring Europe. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Benoit K et al (2005) Measuring national delegate positions at the convention on the future of Europe using computerized word scoring. Eur Union Polit 6(3):291–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bergman T (1997) National parliaments and EU Affairs Committees: notes on empirical variation and competing explanations. J Eur Publ Pol 4:373–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Börzel T, Risse T (2003) Conceptualizing the domestic impact of Europe. In: Featherstone K, Radaelli C (eds) The politics of Europeanization. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 57–80Google Scholar
  7. Brouard S, Costa O (2009) Les lois françaises sont-elles écrites à Bruxelles? (Are French laws written in Brussels?), Le MondeGoogle Scholar
  8. Bulmer S, Radaelli C (2005) The Europeanization of national policy. In: Bulmer S, Lequesne C (eds) The member states of the European Union. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 338–359Google Scholar
  9. Cowles G, Maria C, James A, Risse T (eds) (2001) Transforming Europe: Europeanization and domestic change. Cornell University Press, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  10. Duin F, Raunio T (2007) The open method of co-ordination and national parliaments: further marginalization or new opportunities? J Eur Publ Pol 14–4:489–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Falkner G (2001) The Europeanisation of Austria: misfit, adaptation and controversies. European Integration online Papers (EIoP) 5(13). Available at http://eiop.or.at/eiop/texte/2001-013a.htm
  12. Falkner G, Treib O, Hartlapp M, Leiber S (2004) Complying with Europe. EU minimum harmonisation and soft law in the member states. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  13. Falkner G, Treib O, Hartlapp M, Leiber S (2005) Complying with Europe. EU harmonisation and soft law in the member states. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Featherstone, K. and Radaelli, C. (eds.) (2003). The politics of europeanization. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  15. Follesdal A, Hix S (2006) Why there is a democratic deficit in the EU: a response to Majone and Moravcsik. J Common Marked Stud 44(3):553–562Google Scholar
  16. Franchino F, Hoyland B (2009) Legislative involvement in parliamentary systems: opportunities, conflict, and institutional constraints. Am Polit Sci Rev 103(4):607–621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Graziano P, Vink MP (2007) Europeanization: new research agendas. Palgrave Macmillan, BasingstokeGoogle Scholar
  18. Greenwood J (2003) Interest representation in the European Union. Palgrave Macmillan, Houndmills, p 6Google Scholar
  19. Haverland M (2000) National adaption to European integration: the importance of Institutional Veto points. J Publ Pol 20(1):83–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Heisenberg D (2005) The institution of ‘consensus’ in the European Union: formal versus informal decision-making in the council. Eur J Polit Res 44(1):65–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Héritier A et al (eds) (2001) Differential Europe: new opportunities and restrictions for policymaking in the member states. Rowman & Littlefield, LanhamGoogle Scholar
  22. Herzog R, Gerken L (2007) Revise the European Constitution to protect national parliamentary democracy. Eur Constitut Law Rev 3(2):209–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hix S (1995) Parties at the European level and the legitimacy of EU socio‐economic policy. J Common Market Stud 33(4):527–554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hix S (1999) The political system of the European Union. Macmillan, BasingstokeGoogle Scholar
  25. Hix S, Goetz KH (2000) Introduction: European integration and national political systems. West Eur Polit 23(4):1–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hix S (2001) Legislative behaviour and party competition in the European parliament: an application of nominate to the EU. J Common Market Stud 39(4):663–688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hix S, Kreppel A, Noury A (2003) The party system in the European parliament: collusive or competitive?. J Common Market Stud 41(2):309–331Google Scholar
  28. Hix S (2005) Chapter 3: Legislative politics. In: Hix S (ed) The political system of the European Union, 2nd edn. Macmillan, Houndmills, pp 72–110Google Scholar
  29. Holzhacker R, AlbÌk, E. (eds.) (2007). Democratic governance and European integration: linking societal and state processes of democracy. Cheltenham: Edward ElgarGoogle Scholar
  30. Hölscheidt S, Hoppe T (2010) Der Mythos vom Europäischen Impuls in der deutschen Gesetzgebungsstatistik. Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen (3):543–551Google Scholar
  31. Hug S, König T (2002) In view of ratification: governmental preferences and domestic constraints at the Amsterdam intergovernmental conference. Int Org 56(2):447–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jachtenfuchs M (2001) The governance approach to European integration. J Common Market Stud 39:2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kassim H, Guy Peters B, Wright V (eds) (2000) The national co-ordination of EU policy. The domestic level. Oxford: Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  34. Knill C, Lenschow A (1998) Coping with Europe: the impact of British and German administrations on the implementation of EUGoogle Scholar
  35. König T, Hug S (2000) Ratifying Maastricht. Parliamentary votes on international treaties and theoretical solution concepts. Eur Union Polit 1(1):93–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. König T (2007) Discontinuity. Another source of the EU’s democratic deficit? Eur Union Polit 8(3):411–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. König T, Mäder L (2007) The delegation of transposition powers in the member states of the EC: from a transaction cost perspective. Paper presented at the fourth ECPR general conference, Pisa, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  38. König T (2008) Analysing the process of EU legislative decision-making: to make a long story short…. Eur Union Polit 9(1):145–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. König T, Mäder L (2008) Das Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates und der Mythos der 80-Prozent-Europäisierung in Deutschland. Politische Vierteljahresschrift 49(3):438–464Google Scholar
  40. König T, Mäder (2009) Antwort auf die Replik von Daniel Göler zum Beitrag “Das Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates und der Mythos einer 80-Prozent-Europäisierung in Deutschland”. Politische Vierteljahresschrift 50(1):80–85. http://www.sowi.uni-mannheim.de/lspol2/Publikationen/2009_Koenig_Maeder_Antwort.pdf
  41. König T, Junge D (2009) Why don’t veto players use their power? Eur Union Polit 10(4):507–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. König T, Luetgert B (2009) Troubles with transposition: explaining trends in member state notification failure and timeliness. Br J Polit Sci 39:163–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Kreppel A, Tsebelis G (1999) Coalition formation in the European Parliament. Comp Polit Stud 32(8):933–966CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ladrech R (2005) The Europeanisation of interest groups and political parties. In: Blumer S, Lequesne C (eds) The member states of the European union Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  45. Laursen F, Pappas SA (eds) (1995) The changing role of parliaments in the European Union. European Institute of Public Administration, Maastricht, pp 43–60Google Scholar
  46. Lord C (2004) A democratic audit of the European Union. Palgrave, LondonGoogle Scholar
  47. Lewis J (2003) Institutional environments and everyday EU decision making: rationalist or constructivist? Comp Polit Stud 36(1/2):97–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Magnette P, Papadopoulos Y (2008) On the politicization of the European consociation: a middle way between Hix and Bartolini. EUROGOV working paper No. C-08-01Google Scholar
  49. Maïa J (2005) La contrainte européenne sur la loi. Pouvoirs 114:53–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Mair P (2007) Political opposition and the European Union. Government Opposition 42(1):1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Marks G, Steenbergen M (eds) (2004) European integration and political conflict. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  52. Maurer A, Wessels W (eds) (2001) National parliaments on their ways to europe: losers or latecomers? Nomos, Baden-BadenGoogle Scholar
  53. Majone G (1998) Europe’s “democratic deficit”: the question of standards. Eur Law J 4(1):5–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Moravcsik A (1994) Why the European Union strengthens the state: domestic politics and international cooperation. Center for European Studies, Working Paper Series 52Google Scholar
  55. Moravcsik A (2002) Reassessing legitimacy in the European Union. J Common Market Stud 40:603–624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Moravcsik A (2004) Is there a ‘democratic deficit’ in world politics? A framework for analysis. Government Opposition 39(2):336–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Moravcsik A (2008) The European constitutional settlement. World Econ 31(1):158–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Norton P (ed) (1996) National parliaments and the European Union. Frank Cass, LondonGoogle Scholar
  59. O’Brennan J, Raunio T (2007) National parliaments within the enlarged European Union: from ‘victims’ of integration to competitive actors? Abingdon, RoutledgeGoogle Scholar
  60. Olsen JP (2007) Europe in search of political order. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  61. Pridham G (1995) Transitions to democracy: comparative perspectives from Southern Europe, Latin America and Eastern Europe. Dartmouth Publishing, AldershotGoogle Scholar
  62. Pridham G, Pridham P (1981) Transnational party co-operation and European integration: the process towards direct elections. Allen & Unwin, LondonGoogle Scholar
  63. Public Administration (2010), 88–1Google Scholar
  64. Raunio T, Hix S (2000) Backbenchers learn to fight back: European Integration and Parliamentary Government. West Eur Polit 23(4):142–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Raunio T (1999) Always one step behind? National legislatures and the European Union. Government Opposition 34(2):180–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Raunio T, Wiberg M (2010) How to measure the Europeanisation of a national legislature? Scand Polit Stud 33(1):74–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Rittberger B, Schimmelfennig F (2005) The constitutionalization of the European Union: explaining the parliamentarization and institutionalization of human rights. Institute for Advanced Studies, WienGoogle Scholar
  68. Saalfeld T (Autumn/Winter 2005) Deliberate delegation or abdication? Government Backbenchers, Ministers and European Union Legislation. J Legis Stud 11(3/4):343–371Google Scholar
  69. Scharpf FW (1993) Versuch über Demokratie im verhandelnden Staat. In: Czada R, Schmidt MG (eds) Verhandlungsdemokratie, Interessensvermittlung, Regierbarkeit. Westdeutscher Verlag, OpladenGoogle Scholar
  70. Siedentop L (2001) Democracy in Europe. Allen Lane, LondonGoogle Scholar
  71. Smith E (ed) (1996) National parliaments as cornerstones of European integration. Kluwer Law International, LondonGoogle Scholar
  72. Thomson R, Torenvlied R, Arregui J (2007) The paradox of compliance. Infringements and delays in transposing EU directives. Br J Polit Sci 37:685–709CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Töller AE (2006) How European integration impacts on national legislatures: the Europeanization of the German Bundestag. Center for European Studies Program for the Study of Germany and Europe, Working Paper Series 06.2Google Scholar
  74. Töller AE (2007) Mythen und Methoden. Zur Messungder Europäisierung der Gestzgebung des deutschen Bundestagesjenseits der 80%-Mythos. Helmut-Schmidt-Universität-Universität der Bundeswehr HamburgGoogle Scholar
  75. Töller AE (2008) Measuring the Europeanization of public policies – but how? A Research Note. Helmut-Schmidt-Universität-Universität der Bundeswehr HamburgGoogle Scholar
  76. Wiberg M (ed) (1997) Trying to make democracy to work: the Nordic parliaments and the European Union. Gidlunds, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  77. Zeitlin J, Pochet P, Magnusson L (2005) The open method of coordination in action: the European employment and social inclusion strategies. Presses Interuniversitaires Européennes-Peter Lang, BrusselsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre Emile DurkheimUniversity of BordeauxBordeauxFrance
  2. 2.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of MannheimMannheimGermany

Personalised recommendations