Hamiltonian Optics in Euclidean Spaces

  • Sergio BenentiEmail author
Part of the Universitext book series (UTX)


According to Hamilton (Hamilton 1828), a “system of rays” is a congruence of straight lines in the Euclidean three-space, orthogonal to a family of surfaces. This orthogonal integrability of the rays fails in the presence of a caustic. Moreover, a system of rays can be modified through the use of optical devices, as mirrors and lenses, or by passing through surfaces that delimit two media with different refraction index. In our approach, a system of rays without caustic is represented by a regular Lagrangian submanifold of the cotangent bundle of the Euclidean space, whereas all the optical devices are represented by symplectic relations. This chapter discusses some of the most important elementary examples.


Generate Family Euclidean Space Distance Function Parametric Equation Cotangent Bundle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Matematica Facoltà di Scienze Matematiche, Fisiche e NaturaliUniversità di TorinoTorinoItaly

Personalised recommendations