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The Deep Structure of Confucianism

  • Kwang-Kuo Hwang
Chapter
Part of the International and Cultural Psychology book series (ICUP, volume 1)

Abstract

Following the principle of cultural psychology: “one mind, many mentalities” (Shweder et al. 1998), this chapter used Hwang’s (Am J Sociol 92(4), 944–974, 1987) Face and Favor model as a framework to analyze Confucianism and to explain how it accounts for the ethics of ordinary people, i.e., the ethical system of benevolence–righteousness–property, which emphasizes the principle of respecting the superior as procedural justice and the principle of favoring the intimate as distributive justice. Confucian conception of destiny requests everyone to cultivate oneself with respect to humanity, while it endows scholars with a mission to benefit the world with the way of humanity and urges them to utilize their knowledge to serve the community beyond their family. Both Confucian ethics for scholars and for ordinary people are supposed to be ideal which can be used as cultural theories for studying people’s mentalities on the psychological level in Chinese society.

Keywords

Confucian conception of destiny Ethics for ordinary people Ethics for scholars Self-cultivation Way of humanity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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