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The Implications of Family Context for the Transition to Adulthood

  • Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson
  • Janel Benson
Chapter
Part of the National Symposium on Family Issues book series (NSFI, volume 2)

Abstract

In the prolonged transition to adulthood, young adults are increasingly dependent on their families for material and emotional support, but what effect does this support have on later success? This chapter extends research by Fingerman and colleagues to investigate the long-term implications of family context on young adults’ success. Specifically, we draw upon data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to examine how adolescent family structure and parent–child relationships in both adolescence and early adulthood shape later subjective achievement. Youth growing up in two-biological parent families have the highest levels of subjective attainment, which is largely because youth in these families have greater access to financial resources in adolescence and as they follow different transition pathways into adulthood. Greater family resources allow families to provide financial support throughout the transition to adulthood. Parent–offspring closeness during adolescence and early adulthood is advantageous for subjective achievement while high levels of monitoring during adolescence is negatively associated with later success. Consistent with Fingerman and her colleagues, we find that young adult pathways condition the effects of parental support and closeness on achievement.

Keywords

Early Adulthood Child Relationship Parental Monitoring Family Context Parental Resource 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  2. 2.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyColgate UniversityHamiltonUSA

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