Laparoscopic Esophagomyotomy

  • Carol E. H. Scott-ConnerEmail author


Laparoscopic esophagomyotomy is used to relieve symptoms of achalasia. It has largely supplanted the original Heller operation (which was performed via thoracotomy). This chapter describes techniques and pitfalls for this operation.


Circular Muscle Distal Esophagus Esophageal Perforation Heller Myotomy Partial Fundoplication 
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Further Reading

  1. Alves A, Perniceni T, Godeberge P, et al. Laparoscopic Heller’s cardiomyotomy in achalasia: is intraoperative endoscopy useful and why? Surg Endosc. 1999;13:600.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  4. Richards WO, Torquati A, Holzman MD, et al. Heller myotomy versus Heller myotomy with Dor fundoplication for achalasia: a prospective randomized double-blind clinical trial. Ann Surg. 2004;240:405.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Soper NJ, Scott-Conner CEH. The SAGES manual. New York: Springer Science + Business Media; 2012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Stewart KC, Finley RJ, Clifton JC, et al. Thoracoscopic versus laparoscopic modified Heller myotomy for achalasia: efficacy and safety in 87 patients. J Am Coll Surg. 1999;189:169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Tedesco P, Fischella PM, Way LW, et al. Cause and treatment of epiphrenic diverticula. Am J Surg. 2005;190:891.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of MedicineUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA

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