Photoelectrochemical Measurements

Part of the Electronic Materials: Science & Technology book series (EMST, volume 102)


This chapter presents an overview of several photoelectrochemical characterization techniques and the equipment needed to carry out these measurements. It starts with a detailed description of the photoelectrochemical cell and its components. A few selected cell designs are shown and discussed, and several considerations for choosing suitable photoelectrode substrates, electrolyte solutions, and counter and reference electrodes are given. This is followed by a description of two experimental setups for photocurrent measurements, one for measurements under simulated sunlight and one for wavelength-dependent (monochromatic) measurements. The components of these setups are described, with special emphasis given to the inner workings of the potentiostat and the various types and specifications of solar simulators. The information that can be obtained from photocurrent measurements, such as photocurrent onset potentials, performance limiting factors, and quantum efficiencies is described next. The final section reviews the principles, equipment, and practical considerations for Mott–Schottky measurements. Common pitfalls of impedance measurements are outlined, and several strategies and precautions to avoid or minimize measurement errors are given.


Solar Simulator Frequency Response Analyzer Donor Density Photoelectrochemical Cell Schottky Plot 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The author gratefully acknowledges the NWO-ACTS Sustainable Hydrogen program (project 053.61.009) and the European Commission’s Framework 7 program (NanoPEC, Project 227179) for support.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Applied Sciences, Department Chemical Engineering/Materials for Energy Conversion and StorageDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

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