Universalization of Perspective

  • Frederick Betz
Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM, volume 11)


Viewed historically, Hitler’s Nazi government was evil and finally ended by military defeat. But are all evil ideological dictatorships so powerful that they can only be ended by military defeat or the death of the dictator? Historically, an interesting case is the duration of the communist empire in Russia. It never suffered a military defeat; but it did finally end. How? And what lessons can about learned from this?


Communist Party Normative Judgment Communist Government Soviet Government Military Defeat 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering and Technology ManagementPortland State UniversityPortlandUSA

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