Extraction and Characterization of Bioactive Carbohydrates with Health Benefits from Marine Resources: Macro- and Microalgae, Cyanobacteria, and Invertebrates
This chapter addresses extraction of bioactive carbohydrates from sustainable marine resources. It describes an integrated approach and workflow of extraction, purification, and characterization methods from the marine targets both in their unmodified form and following suitable processing such as freeze-drying. A major output of this chapter is technologies, processes, and protocols at pilot and analytical scale designed to isolate the bioactive compounds and the optimization of these processes to allow for commercial development of the bioactive compounds by SMEs. This chapter also addresses chosen bioactive carbohydrates that may be isolated from the waste streams of macroalgae and marine fisheries by-products as this is an underutilized source for marine bioactive compounds and an economic problem for the fish processing and seaweed harvesting industries.
KeywordsCarbohydrate Influenza Sponge Triglyceride Oligosaccharide
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