Grouping of Ions in Ceramic Solids



In this chapter, the nature of the atomic arrangements, the forces between atoms, and the location of atoms in the crystalline ceramics and noncrystalline glass are considered. As the silicates form the main chemical constituents of the glasses and glass ceramics, and porcelains discussed in this book, the structure of silicates is explained briefly to clarify the grouping of different ions in either the glasses or the ceramic. In addition, the rules governing the coordination of cations and anions are briefly discussed.


Coordination Number Coordination Polyhedron Glass Ceramic Radius Ratio Oxygen Anion 
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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiomaterialsNational Research centreDokki CairoEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Adult Dental Care School of Clinical DentistrySheffield UniversitySheffieldUK

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