Objectives of Training in Psychosomatic Medicine in Primary Care
The four targeted skills of Psychosomatic Medicine in primary care include the following:
Identifying stressful emotional and mental disorders and conflicts using a psychosocial anamnesis
Promoting a helping alliance among the doctor, patient , and family members; this skill also includes identifying possible barriers on the part of the doctor, patient, or family and stressing the core skills of empathy and sensitivity
Improving the patient’s problem-solving skills, including providing information about self-help groups, supporting the management of adverse life events (e.g., severe illness, loss, separation, or divorce) and avoiding unnecessary medication, diagnostic procedures, and surgery
Motivating/referring patients for psychotherapy. Additional skills in this area include collaborations around consultations and case management with psychotherapists and other psychosocial service providers.