Equipment and Clinical Practice: Aids to Localization of Peripheral Nerves

  • Beverly Pearce-SmithEmail author
  • Johnny K. Lee


Identifying nerve location begins by identifying standard anatomical landmarks, which are used as a basis for subsequent invasive needle exploration. The successful endpoint used may be anatomical (transarterial axillary block), ultrasonographic (real-time imaging), or functional [a sensory paresthesia or a motor response to electrical nerve stimulation (NS)].


Pulse Duration Nerve Stimulation Motor Response Epidural Space Peripheral Nerve Stimulation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology, Presbyterian University HospitalUniversity of Pittsburgh Medical CenterPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Pittsburgh Medical CenterPittsburghUSA

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