Lower Eyelid Blepharoplasty

  • Christopher J. CalvanoEmail author
  • Karina Richani-Reverol
  • Frank A. Nesi


Lower eyelid blepharoplasty has evolved from subtractive, excisional procedures to the current modern approaches which utilize tissue reposition and augmentation to achieve ideal rejuvenation of the region. The following factors are important considerations when performing lower eyelid surgery


Lower Eyelid Transconjunctival Approach Tear Trough Deformity Lower Eyelid Retraction Subciliary Incision 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher J. Calvano
    • 1
    Email author
  • Karina Richani-Reverol
    • 2
  • Frank A. Nesi
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  2. 2.Consultants in Ophthalmic and Facial Plastic Surgery, P.C.SouthfieldUSA
  3. 3.Oculoplastic SurgeryOakland University William Beaumont School of MedicineRoyal OakUSA
  4. 4.Department of Ophthalmology, Kresge Eye InstituteWayne State University School of MedicineDetroitUSA

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