Advertisement

Upper Eyelid Blepharoplasty

  • Mohit A. Dewan
  • Dale R. Meyer
Chapter

Abstract

The upper and lower eyelids, eyebrows, and midface all play a role in the overall aesthetics of the face. Importantly, concepts of beauty are varied throughout the world, with certain facial contours more desirable than others, depending upon the societal norms. These contours are created and altered by the individual characteristics of the eyelid margin, tarsal plate, orbital fat, levator aponeurosis, and the bony orbit. When considering upper eyelid blepharoplasty, each of these structures needs to be evaluated and addressed appropriately utilizing a variety of surgical techniques. Each patient has individual needs and concerns, as well as their own concept of beauty, which the surgeon must consider to ensure the correct techniques and the desired aesthetic outcome obtained. This customized approach to blepharoplasty requires a healthy patient–physician relationship that can ultimately be both satisfying and challenging.

Keywords

Lacrimal Gland Orbital Septum Tarsal Plate Eyelid Skin Levator Aponeurosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. 1.
    Chen WP. Asian blepharoplasty. J Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 1987;3:135–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dailey RA. Upper eyelid blepharoplasty. Focal Points: Clin Modules Ophthalmologists. 1995;13:8.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dailey RA, Jones LT. Rejuvenation of the aging face. Focal Points: Clin Modules Ophthalmologists. 2003;21:11.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fagien S. Advanced rejuvenative upper blepharoplasty. Enhancing aesthetics of the upper periorbita. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2002;110:278.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Flowers RS. Periorbital aesthetic surgery for men. Eyelids and related structures. Clin Plast Surg. 1991;18:689.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Flowers RS. Optimal procedure in secondary blepharoplasty. Clin Plast Surg. 1993;20:225.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Flowers RS, Flowers SS. Precision planning in blepharoplasty. The importance of preoperative mapping. Clin Plast Surg. 1993;20:303.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Goldbaum AM, Woog JJ. The CO2 laser in oculoplastic surgery. Surv Ophthalmol. 1997;42:255–67.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jelks GW, Jelks EB. Preoperative evaluation of the blepharoplasty patient. Bypassing the pitfalls. Clin Plast Surg. 1993;20:213.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kerth JD, Toriumi DM. Management of the aging forehead. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1990;116:1137–42.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Levine MR et al. Complications of blepharoplasty. Ophthalmic Surg. 1975;6:53.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lowry JC, Bartley GB. Complications of blepharoplasty. Surv Ophthalmol. 1994;38:327–50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    May Jr JW, Fearon J, Zingarelli P. Retro-orbicularis oculus fat (ROOF) resection in aesthetic blepharoplasty: a 6-year study in 63 patients. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1990;86:682.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    McCord CD, Doxanas MT. Browplasty and browpexy: an adjunct to blepharoplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1990;86:248–54.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Meyer DR, Linber JV, Wobig JL, McCormick SA. Anatomy of the orbital septum and associated eyelid connective tissues. Ophthalmol Plast Reconstr Surg. 1991;7:104–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Neuhaus RW. Complications of blepharoplasty. Focal Points: Clin Modules Ophthalmologists. 1990;8:3.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Parkes M, Fein W, Brennan HG. Pinch technique for repair of cosmetic eyelid deformities. Arch Ophthalmol. 1973;89:324.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Perman KI. Upper eyelid blepharoplasty. J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 1992;18:1096.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Lions Eye InstituteAlbany Medical CenterAlbany (Slingerlands)USA

Personalised recommendations