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Ptosis in Neurologic Disease

  • Ann P. MurchisonEmail author
  • Jurij R. Bilyk
  • Peter J. Savino
Chapter

Abstract

“Ptosis,” derived from the Greek word “fall,” is the abnormal lowering or prolapse of a structure; blepharoptosis refers to a lowering of the upper eyelid [1]. The normal position of the upper eyelid is dependent on the gender and ethnicity of each individual [2, 3]. The true frequency of ptosis and its particular subtypes is not known. A recent review of 484 cases of ptosis repair, excluding pseudoptosis, cited myogenic as the most common subgroup (42%), followed closely by aponeurotic (35.3%), and then “mixed” (15.9%). Neurogenic etiologies made up a minority of cases (6.8%) [4].

Keywords

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Cluster Headache Oculomotor Nerve Horner Syndrome Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ann P. Murchison
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jurij R. Bilyk
    • 2
  • Peter J. Savino
    • 3
  1. 1.Oculoplastic & Orbital Surgery Service, Wills Eye InstituteJefferson Medical CollegePhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Oculoplastic and Orbital Surgery Service, Wills Eye InstituteJefferson Medical CollegePhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of OphthalmologyUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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