Facial Palsy: Periocular Management

  • John B. HoldsEmail author


The eye and periocular structures are central to the evaluation and treatment of conditions of facial paralysis and associated conditions of seventh cranial (facial) nerve dysfunction. As a result of the complex course and innervation of the facial nerve, physicians from multiple specialties including neurologists, neurosurgeons, otolaryngologists, ophthalmologists, and plastic surgeons have a role in the evaluation and treatment of facial paralysis.


Facial Nerve Facial Palsy Lacrimal Gland Lower Eyelid Facial Paralysis 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Ophthalmic Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery, Inc.Saint Louis UniversitySt. LouisUSA

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