Orbital Foreign Bodies and Penetrating Orbital Injuries

  • Alan A. McNabEmail author
  • Khami Satchi


Penetrating orbital injuries with or without retained intraorbital foreign bodies (IOrbFBs) are uncommon but often dramatic injuries. In legend and history, there have been some notable examples of this type of trauma. Homer related how Odysseus, on his wanderings, visited the cave of the Cyclops, was imprisoned by one of them, Polyphemus, and was only able to escape by spearing the monster’s single eye, blinding him, and then escaping among the sheep and goats in the morning when the cave was opened to let them out. The blinded Polyphemus felt along the backs of the animals as they passed in an attempt to detect any escapees, but Odysseus evaded detection by slinging himself under the belly of the leading ram. At the Battle of Hastings in 1066, England’s King Harold famously sustained a penetrating orbital injury with an arrow but probably died of other injuries sustained on the battlefield.


Foreign Body Paranasal Sinus Dermoid Cyst Cranial Cavity Superior Orbital Fissure 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orbital Plastic and Lacrimal ClinicRoyal Victorian Eye and Ear HospitalEast MelbourneAustralia

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