• Dana Shoenberg


This handbook offers insights and guidance illuminating the many points at which the practice of mental health and the juvenile justice system intersect today. It comes at a promising time. Juvenile justice officials increasingly understand the critical role that mental health services play in rehabilitating the youth in their care. At the same time, juvenile justice reformers seek ways to connect youth to the behavioral health services they need without having courts become the primary means for youth to access care. Budget pressures are forcing states to be more careful about how they spend their juvenile justice funds, and communities are searching for ways to keep youth in programs closer to home rather than relying on expensive, sometimes less effective out-of-home placements for youth far from their families and other supports. Mental health care providers play critical roles in these public policy dialogues, while also fulfilling essential evaluation and treatment functions in the community, through the courts, and in locked settings. The authors brought together in this publication have produced rich resources that can inform both policy and practice.


Mental Health Mental Health Service Mental Health Professional Juvenile Justice Juvenile Justice System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Alltucker, K. W., Bullis, M., Close, D., & Yovanoff, P. (2006). Different pathways to juvenile delinquency: Characteristics of early and late starters in a sample of previously incarcerated youth. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 15, 475–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2006). Detention facility self-assessment: A practice guide to juvenile detention reform. Baltimore, MD: The Annie E. Casey Foundation.Google Scholar
  3. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2011). Accessed 12 June 2011.
  4. Benda, B. B., & Tollet, C. L. (1999). A study of recidivism of serious and persistent offenders among adolescents. Journal of Criminal Justice, 27(2), 111–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bowring v. Godwin. (1977). 551 F.2d 44 (4th Cir.).Google Scholar
  6. Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence. (2010). Accessed 12 June 2011.
  7. Estelle v. Gamble. (1976). 429 U.S. 97.Google Scholar
  8. Family Involvement Subcommittee of the Mental Health/Juvenile Justice Workgroup for Models for Change Pennsylvania & Family Involvement Workgroup of the Pennsylvania Council of Chief Juvenile Probation Officers Balanced and Restorative Justice Implementation Committee. (2009). Family Involvement in Pennsylvania’s Juvenile Justice System. Google Scholar
  9. Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). (1974). 20 U.S.C. § 1232g.Google Scholar
  10. Graham v. Florida. (2010). No. 08–7412, slip. op. at 23, 560 U.S. __.Google Scholar
  11. Grisso, T. (2007). Progress and perils in the juvenile justice and mental health movement. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 35, 158–167.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Halemba, G. J., Siegel, G., Lord, R. D., & Zawacki, S. (2004, November 30). Arizona dual jurisdiction study: Final report. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.Google Scholar
  13. Hayes, L. (2004, February). Juvenile suicide in confinement: A national survey. Mansfield, MA: National Center on Institutions and Alternatives.Google Scholar
  14. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). (1996). Pub. L. 104–191.Google Scholar
  15. Jerry M. v. District of Columbia. (2007, December 5). Civ. Ac. #1519-85 (D.C. Super. Ct.). Final Proposed Amended Comprehensive Work Plan.Google Scholar
  16. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. (2011). Accessed 12 June 2011.
  17. Justice Policy Institute. (2009, May). The costs of ­confinement: Why good juvenile justice policies make good fiscal sense. Washington, DC: Justice Policy InstituteGoogle Scholar
  18. Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA). (1988). Pub. L. No. 100–690, 102 Stat 4181.Google Scholar
  19. Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA). (1992). Pub. L. No. 102–586, 106 Stat 4982.Google Scholar
  20. Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA). (2002). Pub. L. No.107-273, 116 Stat 1758.Google Scholar
  21. Kashani, J. H., Manning, G. W., McKnew, D. H., Cytryn, L., Simonds, J. F., & Wooderson, P. C. (1980). Depression among incarcerated delinquents. Psychiatry Resources, 3, 185–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Leech, M. (2009, October 10). Birmingham schools work to keep students from being arrested for minor offenses. The Birmingham News. Google Scholar
  23. Lipsey, M. W., Wilson, D. B., & Cothern, L. (2000). Effective intervention for serious juvenile offenders. Bulletin. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.Google Scholar
  24. Los Angeles County Agreement. (2004, August 24). Agreement between the United States, Los Angeles County, and the Los Angeles County Office of Education to resolve the United States’ investigation regarding conditions of confinement in the Los Angeles County Juvenile Halls. United States Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division
  25. Marion County Agreement. (2008, April 9). Settlement agreement between the United States Department of Justice and the Marion Superior Court Concerning the Marion Superior Court Juvenile Detention Center. United States Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division.
  26. Maryland Agreement. (2007, May 22). Amended settlement agreement between the United States of America and the State of Maryland regarding conditions at three juvenile justice facilities. United States Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division.
  27. Migdole, S., & Robbins, J. P. (2007). Commentary: The role of mental health services in preadjudicated ­juvenile detention centers. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 35(2), 168–171.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice. (2009). Advances and innovations emerging from the mental health/Juvenile Justice Action Network: 2009 update. Delmar, NY: Policy Research Associates.Google Scholar
  29. National Commission on Correctional Health Care. (2004). Standards for health services in juvenile detention and confinement facilities. Standard Y-G-01, Special Needs Treatment Plans, 97.Google Scholar
  30. National Council on Crime and Delinquency. (2007). And justice for some: Differential treatment of youth of color in the juvenile justice system. Oakland, CA: Author.Google Scholar
  31. Office of State Courts Administrator. (2003). Florida juvenile delinquency court assessment. Tallahassee, FL: Office of Court Improvements.Google Scholar
  32. Redding, R. E. (2010). Juvenile transfer laws: An effective deterrent to delinquency? Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.Google Scholar
  33. Roper v. Simmons. (2005). 543 U.S. 551.Google Scholar
  34. Rosado, L. M., & Shah, R. S. (2007, January). Protecting youth from self-incrimination when undergoing screening, assessment and treatment within the juvenile justice system. Philadelphia, PA: Juvenile Law Center.Google Scholar
  35. Scott, E. S., & Steinberg, L. (2008). Adolescent development and the regulation of youth crime. The Future of Children, 18(2), 15–29.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sickmund, M. (2010). Juveniles in residential placement, 1997–2008. Available:
  37. Soler, M., Shoenberg, D., & Schindler, M. (2009). Juvenile justice: Lessons for a new era. Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy, XVI, 483–541.Google Scholar
  38. Smith, C. A., & Thornberry, T. P. (1995). The relationship between childhood maltreatment and adolescent involvement in delinquency. Criminology, 33(4), 451–481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Soler, M., & Breglio, A. (2010). Confidentiality laws: Protections for kids or cloak of secrecy for agencies? Privacy vs. the public’s interest in knowing about children at risk and in trouble. The Abell Report, 23(3), 1–11.Google Scholar
  40. Szanyi, J. (2008–2011). DMC E-News, November 2008–December 2010,
  41. Teplin, L. A., Abram, K. M., McClelland, G. M., Dulcan, M. K., & Mericale, A. A. (2002). Psychiatric disorders in youth in juvenile detention. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 1133–1143.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Texas Youth Commission. (2008, December). Understanding the Texas Youth Commission and the Parents’ Bill of Rights. Texas Youth Commission Pub. No. ADM#056.Google Scholar
  43. Wiig, J. K., Tuell, J. A., Rosado, L. M., & Shah, R. S. (2008). Models for change information sharing tool kit. Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America and Juvenile Law Center.Google Scholar
  44. Youngberg v. Romeo. (1982). 457 U.S. 307.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Children’s Law and PolicyWashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations