Influence of Electron Quantum Confinement on the Electronic Response of Metal/Metal Interfaces

Chapter
Part of the Reviews in Plasmonics book series (RIP, volume 2010)

Abstract

Herein we report on high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) measurements on surface plasmon dispersion in systems exhibiting quantum well states (QWS), i.e., Na/Cu(111), Ag/Cu(111), and Ag/Ni(111). Our results demonstrate that the dominant coefficient of surface plasmon dispersion for thin and layer-by-layer Ag films presenting QWS is quadratic even at small q, in contrast with previous measurements on Ag semi-infinite media and Ag thin films deposited on Si(111). We suggest that this behavior is due to screening effects enhanced by the presence of QWS shifting the position of the centroid of the induced charge less inside the geometrical surface compared to Ag surfaces and Ag/Si(111). For ultrathin Ag films, i.e., two layers, the dispersion was found to be not positive, as theoretically predicted. Annealing of the Ag film caused an enhancement of the free-electron character of the QWS, thus inducing a negative linear term of the dispersion curve of the surface plasmon. Moreover, we report the first experimental evidence of chemical interface damping in thin films for K/Ag/Ni(111). As regards Na/Cu(111), we found a different dispersion curve compared to thick Na films, thus confirming the enhanced screening by Na QWS.Results reported here should shed light on the influence of QWS on dynamical screening phenomena in thin films.

Keywords

Nickel Tungsten Auger 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We want to thank Dr. Stefan Mathias and Prof. Michael Bauer for having allowed to use their photoemission data, and, moreover, dr. Vincenzo Formoso for many helpful discussions.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità degli Studi della CalabriaRende (Cs)Italy
  2. 2.Departamento de Fisica de la Materia CondensadaUniversidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain

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