Dialysis Access Intervention

Chapter

Abstract

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) affects over half a million Americans and the prevalence is increasing as the population ages. Hospitalizations for dialysis access and its associated problems cost over a billion dollars per year. Dialysis access is the lifeline for patients with ESRD, yet durable long-term outcomes are difficult to achieve.

Keywords

Obesity Migration Toxicity Catheter Urea 

Bibliography

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of California – San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity of California – San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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