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Colon Cancer Stem Cells

  • Ugo Testa
Chapter

Abstract

Early studies carried out in acute myelogenous leukaemia have supported the existence of tumour cells with stem-cell-like properties in this disease. On the basis of many subsequent studies, the cancer stem cell concept was formulated, postulating the existence of a small reservoir of self-sustaining cells able to self-renew and to maintain the tumour. During the last years cancer stem cells have been identified in solid cancers. Using CD133, CD44, EpCAM antibodies, human colon cancers have been demonstrated to contain cancer stem cells. The identification and characterization of these cells offer the unique opportunity to improve our understanding of the biology of colon cancer. On the other hand, colon cancer stem cells, that have been shown to be refractory to standard therapy, represent an important tool for discovering new anticancer agents.

Keywords

Stem Cell Cancer Stem Cell Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Stem Cell Niche Paneth Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Hematology, Oncology and Molecular MedicineIstituto Superiore di SanitàRomeItaly

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