Locating Neighborhood Parks with a Lexicographic Multiobjective Optimization Method

  • Jorge A. Sefair
  • Adriana Molano
  • Andrés L. Medaglia
  • Olga L. Sarmiento
Chapter

Abstract

In rapidly urbanized and dense cities public parks, open green spaces, and recreational infrastructure have been associated with physical and mental health, quality of life (Sarmiento etal., 2010), promotion of healthy life style, and social, economic, and environmental benefits (Li, Wang, Paulussen, & Liu, 2005; Coley, Kuo, & Sullivan, 1997). Urban parks promote healthy lifestyles including physical activity (Gómez etal.2010a, 2010b; Humpel, Owen, & Leslie, 2002; Bedimo-Rung, Mowen, & Cohen, 2005), contributing to the prevention of chronic diseases (Andersen, Schnohr, Schroll, & Hein, 2000; Cohen et al., 2007; Yancey et al., 2007; Floyd, Spengler, Maddock, Gobster, & Suau, 2008). In addition, urban parks also offer communities a space to socialize (Gobster, 1998; Seeland, Dübendorfer, & Hansmann, 2009), experience nature, relax, and even contribute to climate stabilization (Chiesura, 2004; Nilsson etal., 2007 del Saz & García, 2007).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge A. Sefair
    • 1
  • Adriana Molano
    • 1
  • Andrés L. Medaglia
    • 1
  • Olga L. Sarmiento
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro para la Optimización y Probabilidad Aplicada (COPA), Departamento de Ingeniería IndustrialUniversidad de los AndesBogotáColombia
  2. 2.Grupo de Epidemiología de la Universidad de los Andes (EpiAndes), Facultad de MedicinaUniversidad de los AndesBogotáColombia

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