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Status, Distribution and Conservation of Leopard Panthera pardus fusca in Rajasthan

  • Krishnendu Mondal
  • Shilpi Gupta
  • K. Sankar
  • Qamar Qureshi
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter describes the present status and distribution of the second important big cat, the Leopard, which is an Endangered animal as per Appendix-1 of CITES and Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006. Worldwide, eight subspecies of Leopard are identified based on DNA studies. The Indian subspecies, Panthera pardus fusca, is distributed all over the country, being absent only in the arid desert and above the timber line in the Himalayas. The latest available figures based on pugmark census the status, population and conservation issues of Leopard in 16 protected areas are discussed. Leopard is one of the least studied species in Rajasthan. The text discusses the feeding behaviour, adaptability for diverse diet including domestic livestock, man–leopard conflict and ability to withstand anthropogenic pressure and decline in its natural prey-base. Habitat destruction, loss of wild prey, poaching for skins, bones and claws and poisoning carcasses of livestock killed by leopard are significant threats to this species. Under these circumstances, the need for basic research on Leopard ecology, for example, movement, range, feeding ecology, habitat utilisation and man–animal conflict, have been stressed upon for the conservation of this magnificent animal in Rajasthan.

Keywords

Wildlife Sanctuary Golden Jackal Tiger Reserve Hanuman Langur Forest Tract 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Director and Dean, Wildlife Institute of India, for extending support to work in Sariska and the Rajasthan Forest Department under the “Leopard Ecology Project”.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krishnendu Mondal
    • 1
  • Shilpi Gupta
    • 1
  • K. Sankar
    • 1
  • Qamar Qureshi
    • 1
  1. 1.Wildlife Institute of IndiaDehradunIndia

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