Therapeutic Approaches Utilising NKT Cells

Chapter
Part of the Cancer Drug Discovery and Development book series (CDD&D)

Abstract

Natural killer T (NKT) cells are members of the immune armamentarium with profound immunoregulatory effects. They bridge the innate and adaptive immune systems, filling a niche in recognizing glycolipid antigens, and responding rapidly to prime subsequent immune responses. In cancer, type I NKT cells, defined by their semi-invariant T cell receptor (TCR) using Vα14Jα18 in mice and Vα24Jα18 in humans, are mostly host protective, by producing interferon-γ (IFN-γ) to activate and mature dendritic cells (DC) to make IL-12, which in turn activates NK and CD8+ T cells. In contrast, type II NKT cells, characterized by more diverse TCRs recognizing lipids presented by CD1d, primarily inhibited anti-tumor immunity. This chapter will discuss the impact of CD1d-restricted NKT cells in tumor immune surveillance and immunotherapy and highlight recent therapeutic approaches in tumor mouse models with a focus on harnessing the anti-tumor activities of NKT cells.

Keywords

Toxicity Lymphoma Adenocarcinoma Sarcoma Myeloma 

Notes

Acknowledgments

SRM was supported by a Balzan Foundation Post-doctoral Fellowship. MJS was supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NH&MRC) Australia Fellowship.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cancer Immunology Program, Peter MacCallum Cancer CentreVictoriaAustralia
  2. 2.Immunology, and Metabolic MedicineThe University of Queensland Diamantina Institute for CancerWoolloongabbaAustralia
  3. 3.Cancer Immunology Program, Peter MacCallum Cancer CentreVictoriaAustralia

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