Unusual Optical Properties of Collagen and Implications for the Primo Vascular System

  • Eduard van WijkEmail author
  • Margo Groeneveld
  • Jan van der Greef
  • Roeland van Wijk
Conference paper


The aim of this study was to extend previous investigations on the property of artificially prepared collagen gels to modify ultraweak photon emission emanating from a biological source. The interaction of collagen gels with enzyme-dependent ultra weak photon emission facilitated by the Xanthine oxidase–Xanthine–MCLA (XO–X–MCLA) enzyme system was studied. This enzyme system is frequently associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Collagen was also tested in combination with a light-emitting diode (LED) with similar spectral properties as the XO–X–MCLA system. The data demonstrate that a collagen gel is capable of increasing photon emission of the enzyme system. In contrast, weak photon emission stimulated by a LED was not increased, but rather decreased. It was concluded from these data that collagen may exert a remarkable influence on distant molecular activation wherein chemical and electrical signaling is impossible. This capacity may also have significant consequences for understanding the proposed properties of primo-vessels in their particular role as optical channels throughout a living being.


Photon Emission Xanthine Oxidase Baby Hamster Kidney Baby Hamster Kidney Cell Glass Film 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by an independent research grant from the Samueli Institute of Information Biology and the Rockefeller-Samueli Center for Research in Mind-Body Energy. The collagen was kindly provided by Varsha Thakoersing, LACDR, Leiden University. The authors also thank Dr. John Ackerman for his assistance in editing the text.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduard van Wijk
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Margo Groeneveld
  • Jan van der Greef
  • Roeland van Wijk
  1. 1.Sino Dutch Center for Preventive and Personalized MedicineLeiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Meluna ResearchAmersfoortThe Netherlands

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