Unusual Optical Properties of Collagen and Implications for the Primo Vascular System
The aim of this study was to extend previous investigations on the property of artificially prepared collagen gels to modify ultraweak photon emission emanating from a biological source. The interaction of collagen gels with enzyme-dependent ultra weak photon emission facilitated by the Xanthine oxidase–Xanthine–MCLA (XO–X–MCLA) enzyme system was studied. This enzyme system is frequently associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Collagen was also tested in combination with a light-emitting diode (LED) with similar spectral properties as the XO–X–MCLA system. The data demonstrate that a collagen gel is capable of increasing photon emission of the enzyme system. In contrast, weak photon emission stimulated by a LED was not increased, but rather decreased. It was concluded from these data that collagen may exert a remarkable influence on distant molecular activation wherein chemical and electrical signaling is impossible. This capacity may also have significant consequences for understanding the proposed properties of primo-vessels in their particular role as optical channels throughout a living being.
- 1.Kim BH (1963) On the kyungrak system. J Acad Med Sci 10:1–41Google Scholar
- 2.Han YH, Yang JM, Yoo JS et al (2007) Measurement of the optical properties of in-vitro organ-surface Bonghan corpuscles of rats. J Kor Phys Soc 49:2239–2246Google Scholar
- 9.Troshina TG, Loochinskaia NN, Van Wijk E et al (2006) Absorption and emission of photons by collagen samples. In: Beloussov LV et al (eds) Biophotonics and coherent systems in biology. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 11.Gurvitsch AG (1926) Das Problem der Zellteillung Physiologish Betrachtet. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
- 14.Popp FA, Chang JJ, Gu Q et al (1994) Nonsubstantial biocommunication in terms of Dicke’s theory. In: Ho MW et al (eds) Bioelectrodynamics and Biocommunication. World Scientific Publishing, SingaporeGoogle Scholar