As of 2008, epilepsy was one of the three most common treatment areas in functional neurosurgery. Functional neurosurgery is often reserved for cases of intractable epilepsy. The diagnosis of intractable epilepsy is frequently made after appropriate trials of anticonvulsant medications along with documentation of therapeutic levels of medications (NIH Consensus Development Conference 1990). Functional neurosurgery is defined as a surgical subspecialty that aims to alter the current function of the nervous system along with improving the functional status of the patient (Heit et al. 2009).
KeywordsSchizophrenia Morphine Acetylcholine Mannitol Lidocaine
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