Epilepsy pp 359-370 | Cite as

Neuroanesthsia in Epilepsy Patients

  • David W. McCandless
Chapter

Abstract

As of 2008, epilepsy was one of the three most common treatment areas in functional neurosurgery. Functional neurosurgery is often reserved for cases of intractable epilepsy. The diagnosis of intractable epilepsy is frequently made after appropriate trials of anticonvulsant medications along with documentation of therapeutic levels of medications (NIH Consensus Development Conference 1990). Functional neurosurgery is defined as a surgical subspecialty that aims to alter the current function of the nervous system along with improving the functional status of the patient (Heit et al. 2009).

Keywords

Schizophrenia Morphine Acetylcholine Mannitol Lidocaine 

References

  1. NIH Consensus Development Conference, (1990). Consensus statement: surgery for epilepsy. JAMA 264:729–733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Coriat, P., et al. (1994) Influence of chronic angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition on anesthetic induction. Aesth. 81:299–307Google Scholar
  3. Wolfson, B., and Freed, B. (1980) Influence of alcohol on anesthetic requirements and acute toxicity. Anesthesia & Analgesia 59:826–833CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dershwitz, M., and Roscoe, C. (2008) Pharmacology of intravenous anesthetic agents. Anesthesiology 28:826–833Google Scholar
  5. Abou-Madi, M., et al. (1977) Cardiovascular reaction to laryngoscopy and intubation following small and large intravenous doses of lidocaine. Canad. Anesthesia Soc J. 24:12–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kassell, N., et al. (1979) Alterations in cerebral blood flow, oxygen metabolism, and electrical activity produced by high dose sodium thiopental. Neurosurg 7:598–603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Vandesteene, A., et al. (1988) Effect of propofol on cerebral blood flow and metabolism in man. Anesth. 43:42–43Google Scholar
  8. Modica, P., Tempelhoff, R., and White, P. (1990) Pro- and anticonvulsant effects of anesthetics. Anesth. And Analgesia 4:433–444Google Scholar
  9. Minton, M., et al. (1986) Increases in intracranial pressure from succinylcholine: prevention by prior non depolarizing blockade. Anesth. 65:165–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kovarik, W., et al. (1994) Succinylcholine does not change intracranial pressure, cerebral blood flow velocity, or the EEG in patients with neurologic injury. Anesthesia and Analgesia 78:469–473PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Sum Ping, S., Mefta, M., and Symreng, T (1991) Reliability of capnography in identifying esophageal intubation with carbonated beverage or antiacid in the stomach. Anesthesia And Analgesia 73:333–337PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Baker, K. (1997) Desflurane and sevoflurane are valuable additions to the practice of neuroanesthesiology. J. neurosurg Anesth (:66–68Google Scholar
  13. Jaaskelainen, S., et al. (2003) Sevoflurane is epileptogenic in healthy subjects at surgical levels of anesthesia Neurology 61:1073–1078Google Scholar
  14. Reasoner, D., et al. (1994) The incidence of pneumocephalus after supratentorial craniotomy-observations on the disappearance of intracranial air. Anesthesiology 80:1008–1012PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • David W. McCandless
    • 1
  1. 1.The Chicago Medical School Department of Cell Biology and AnatomyRosalind Franklin UniversityChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations