Research on Rural Caregiving
Caregiving in older adulthood has become an increasingly popular research area in the field of gerontology. In the United States, informal (i.e., unpaid) caregivers of older persons provide an average of 26 h a week of care to friends or family, a statistic that has not changed over the past decade. During this same period of time, the number of informal caregivers in the United States has increased from 3.2 to 3.4 million (Center on an Aging Society, 2005). Using the keyword search term “family caregivers,” there have been over 10,000 articles added to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed database since 1990. Despite this sizeable area of inquiry, only a small effort has been made to fully understand the caregiving experience in the rural context.
KeywordsInformal Caregiver Informal Support Rural Environment Care Recipient Formal Service
- Agresti, A., & Finlay, B. (1986). Statistical methods for the social sciences. San Francisco, CA: Dellen.Google Scholar
- Andersen, R. M. (1968). A behavioral model of families’ use of health services. Chicago: Center for Health Administration Studies.Google Scholar
- Center on an Aging Society. (2005, February). A decade of informal caregiving. Washington: Georgetown University.Google Scholar
- Erlandson, D. A., Harris, E. L., Skipper, B. L., & Allen, S. D. (1993). Doing naturalistic inquiry: A guide to methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Johnson, K. M. (2003). Unpredictable directions of rural population growth and migration. In D. L. Brown & L. E. Swanson (Eds.), Challenges for rural America in the twenty-first century (pp. 19–31). University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University.Google Scholar
- Kaye, L. W., Turner, W., Butler, S. S., Downey, R., & Cotton, A. (2003). Early intervention screening for family caregivers of older relatives in primary care practices: Establishing a community health service alliance in rural America. Family & Community Health, 26(4), 319–328.Google Scholar
- Ladner, C., & Cueller, N. G. (2002). Depression in rural hospice family caregivers. Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care, 3(1). Retrieved September 23, 2006, from http://www.rno.org/journal/issues/Vol-3/issue-1/Ladner.htm.
- Lazarus, R. S. (1966). Psychological stress and the coping process. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
- Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- MacTavish, K., & Salamon, S. (2003). What do rural families look like today? In D. L. Brown & L. E. Swanson (Eds.), Challenges for rural America in the twenty-first century (pp. 73–85). University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University.Google Scholar
- Mort, J. R., Gaspar, P. M., Juffer, D. I., & Kovarna, M. B. (1996). Comparison of psychotropic agent use among rural elderly caregivers and noncaregivers. The Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 30, 383–385.Google Scholar
- Rural Policy Research Institute (n.d.). Defining rural: Definitions of rural areas in the U.S. Rural policy context and resources. Retrieved from www.rupri.org/resources/context/rural.html.
- Sanford, J. T., Johnson, A. D., & Townsend-Rocchiccioli, J. T. (2005). The health status of rural caregivers. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 31(4), 53–54.Google Scholar
- Schachter, J. P. (2004). Geographic mobility: 2002 to 2003. In Current population reports (P20-549). Washington, DC: US Census Bureau.Google Scholar
- Schur, C. L., & Franco, S. J. (1999). Access to health care. In T. C. Ricketts (Ed.), Rural health in the United States (pp. 25–37). New York: Oxford University.Google Scholar
- Teddlie, C., & Tashakkori, A. (2003). Major issues and controversies in the use of mixed methods in the social and behavioral sciences. In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie (Eds.), Handbook of mixed methods in social and behavioral research (pp. 3–50). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Van Nostrand, J. F. (Ed). (1993). Common beliefs about the rural elderly: What do national data tell us? National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Statistics, 3(28), 1–79.Google Scholar
- Weiner, B. (1980). Theories of motivation form mechanism to cognition. Chicago: Markham.Google Scholar
- Wilkinson, K. P. (1991). The community rural America. New York: Greenwood.Google Scholar