Ecological Disruption

  • Debra J. Davidson
  • Mike Gismondi


Canada’s boreal forest ecozone is a major part of the global boreal region that encircles the Earth’s northern hemisphere, serving as a significant storehouse for the world’s freshwater supplies, and carbon, contained in its trees, soil, and peat (, 2006). The boreal is also home to a rich array of wildlife, including migratory birds, waterfowl, bears, wolves, moose, and caribou. Alberta’s share of this boreal forest covers 381,000 km2 (, 2009). Through this runs the Athabasca River, which, at 1,538 km “is Alberta’s longest river and one of the few free-flowing (undammed) rivers left in North America” (, 2006), and the Peace-Athabasca Rivers watershed has been identified as the World’s third largest watershed (after the Amazon and Mississippi Rivers).


Boreal Forest Provincial Government Tailing Pond Naphthenic Acid Boreal Forest Ecosystem 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Agriculture Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.Centre for Social SciencesAthabasca UniversityAthabascaCanada

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