Cooperative Innovation in the Chinese Biotechnology Industry: An Analysis Based on Chinese and US Patents from 2000 to 2007
The purpose of this study is to explore the characteristics and patterns of the knowledge linkage between domestic and international academia–industry in Chinese biotechnology research and development (R&D) network, based on the database of State Intellectual Property Office of P.R. China (SIPO), and United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The analysis is focused on the period 2000–2007, a rapid increasing period for Chinese biotechnology industry development. The trajectory of development and knowledge linkage in the Chinese biotechnology industry differentiate from developed countries. Although China lacks both world-class knowledge base and other aspects of infrastructure, the spin-off of R&D FDI from developed countries in China attracting by low-cost, improving quality talents and great potential markets, intensifying collaborations in domestic academia and industry and the networking role of returnees between global and local, enable China to catch up in biotechnology industry, despite of some obstacles in its innovation system.
KeywordsIntellectual Property Right Innovation Network Biotechnology Industry Public Research Institution Industry Collaboration
The author give their sincere thanks for the financial support from the Special Support Fund for China’s Postdoctoral Research Fellow (No. 201003090). The authors would like to thank DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst) for the financial support in 2006 to 2007, and for the financial support from China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2009046022).
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