Ballistic Gelatin Characterization and Constitutive Modeling

  • D. S. Cronin
Conference paper
Part of the Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series book series (CPSEMS)


Ballistic gelatin is widely used as a soft tissue simulant for non-penetrating and penetrating, and the mechanical properties of gelatin are known to be highly sensitive to strain rate and temperature. Mechanical compression testing was undertaken across a range of strain rates at constant temperature to evaluate the material response. The material strength and stiffness increased with increasing strain rate, while the strain to failure was relatively constant across a wide range strain rates. The mechanical test data was implemented in two constitutive models: a quasi-linear viscoelastic model, commonly available in explicit finite element codes, and a tabulated hyperelasticity model. The implementations were verified using simulations of the experimental tests and it was found that the quasi-linear viscoelasticity model did not adequately capture the low and high strain rate response across the range of data. The tabulated hyperelasticity model was found to provide accurate representation of the material across the range of strain rates considered, and included a damage function to predict material failure.


Experimental Mechanics Compression Test Data Strain Rate Data Experimental Test Data Ballistic Gelatin 
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Copyright information

© The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. S. Cronin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

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