Thermal Overfill, and the Surface Vaporisation of Cryogenic Liquids under Storage Conditions
Unexpected and sometimes hazardous variations in evaporation rate (boil-off) appear to be a feature of the storage behaviour of cryogenic liquids. For the purpose of this paper “cryogenic liquids” include all liquids boiling at temperatures below ambient, i.e. LPG, LNG, LIN, LOX, LH2, LHe etc.
KeywordsSurface Vaporisation Cryogenic Liquid Small Temperature Gradient Heated Liquid Liquid Storage Tank
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