Thin Windows for Gaseous and Liquid Targets: An Optimization Procedure

  • W. H. Gray
  • W. V. Hassenzahl
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 22)

Abstract

Many particle and nuclear physics experiments require cryogenic liquid, cryogenic high-pressure gas, or simply high-pressure gas targets with thin windows. Typically materials such as Havar,† Mylar,‡ Kapton,§ stainless steels, and various alloys of aluminum have been used. The most frequently used materials are Mylar and Kapton, which have relatively high tensile strengths and relatively low densities and atomic numbers. A comparison of the various materials on the basis of their performance as a target window, however, has not been available. In order that window design may be based on a complete understanding of the relationship between pressure and deflection an experimental program was carried out in two phases.

Keywords

Fatigue Titanium Nickel Carbide Epoxy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. H. Gray
    • 1
  • W. V. Hassenzahl
    • 2
  1. 1.Oak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  2. 2.Los Alamos Scientific LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA

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